Solve addition and subtraction problems in different contexts (including extracting the necessary information from graphs, charts and tables), appropriately choosing and using number facts, understanding place value and counting. They can explain their decision making and justify their solutions.
Represent fractions as numbers and explain
and show how they know that for unit fractions, as the denominator increases, the size of the number decreases.
Explain and represent multiplication as both
repeated addition and scaling; and division as both sharing (including finding fractions), and grouping. They use this understanding to derive facts and solve problems.
Recognise and identify horizontal and vertical lines and pairs of perpendicular and parallel lines and justify their thinking. They can identify acute, obtuse and right angles in the context of a 2-D shape and justify their thinking.